A pedestrian knew how to display his nonchalance provocatively on certain occasions. Around 1840 it was briefly fashionable to take turtles for a walk in the arcades. The flaneurs liked to have the turtles set the pace for them. If they had ahd their way, progress would have been obliged to accommodate itself to this pace. But this attitude did not prevail; Taylor, who popularized the watchword "Down with dawdling!," carried the day. (Walter Benjamin, "One Some Motifs in Baudelaire," n. 6)
Benjamin is the literary flaneur, or the image of one in a world that no longer produced them. And it is the dawdling flaneur who best represents the art of reading, at a turtle's pace. It is the turtle who sets the pace of the world, in the ideal world that could not survive in the reality of industrialization, but only in an image, a displacement--the book.